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From The Palgrave MacMillan Dictionary of women's biography English nurse. The daughter of a clergyman, Edith worked as a governess then trained as a nurse, working through a typhoid epidemic before graduating at the London Hospital.
Civil War Nurse, Founder of the American Red Cross. Clara Barton was the most famous of many women who worked heroically to provide care and comfort to wounded Civil War soldiers. In so doing, she and others like her raised the nation’s standards for the care of its fallen soldiers.
From Encyclopedia of women social reformers The achievements of the Jamaican Creole woman Mary Seacole, who ignored the indifference of British War Office bureaucracy to travel to the Crimea to pioneer the nursing of the sick and wounded during the war of 1854–1856 at her own expense, have been all too often eclipsed by the work of her more eminent and influential contemporary, Florence Nightingale
From Key Concepts in Public Health The association between human disease and the growth of centres of population has long been observed and the concept of action at a community or population level to influence health is not new;